You probably know you have a right to an appeal, but do you know what that right costs? Here’s a breakdown of the filing fees associated with appeals:
FEE TO APPEAL
To file an appeal, you have to pay a fee in the district court. For appeals and cross-appeals to Nevada appellate courts, that fee is $250. NRS 2.250. For Ninth Circuit Appeals, the fee is $505.
If you wish to file an appeal with the United States Supreme Court, the fee to appeal is paid directly to the United States Supreme Court. The cost to file a petition for a writ of certiorari, jurisdictional statement, or original action is $300. Sup. Ct. R. 38.
FEES FOR OTHER PROCEEDINGS
Remember, an appeal is not the only way that you can seek appellate review. To file a petition for an extraordinary writ to the Nevada Supreme Court and/or Nevada Court of Appeals, you must pay a fee of $250 to the district court. NRS 2.250. However, there is no fee for criminal proceedings and habeas corpus petitions.
To file a petition for review or a petition for a writ of mandamus in the Ninth Circuit, you must pay a fee of $500.
To file an original action in the United States Supreme Court, you must pay a fee of $300.
PETITIONS FOR REHEARING OR EN BANC RECONSIDERATION
In Nevada, following a decision by the appellate court, you can seek rehearing or en banc reconsideration. The cost to file a petition for rehearing is $150. NRS 2.250.
You can also file a petition for rehearing or a motion for leave to seek rehearing in the United States Supreme Court. The costs for these rehearing petitions and/or motions is $200. Sup. Ct. R. 38.
There are miscellaneous costs which the appellate court may charge you of which you should be aware. These include (1) copies, (2) certified copies, (3) duplication of audio files (i.e., oral argument), and (4) transcript examination fees. These costs are generally minimal. (For example, copies in both Nevada and the Ninth Circuit are 50 cents per page).
Both the Ninth Circuit and the United States Supreme Court will also charge you fees for returned checks, so make sure your bank account is current.
WHEN COSTS ARE WAIVED
In certain types of appeals, costs are waived. For example, the United States Supreme Court does not charge the above costs for appeals in: (1) Veteran’s re-employment cases; (2) seamen’s cases; and (3) cases initiated by persons who have been accused by the Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces. Sup. Ct. R. 40.1; Sup. Ct. R. 40.2; and Sup. Ct. R. 40.3.
The most common appeals in which costs are not charged are those in which the appellant is granted leave to proceed in forma pauperis. An appellant will granted leave to proceed in forma pauperis upon a finding that they cannot afford to pay the appellate fees. NRAP 24; FRAP 24; Sup. Ct. R. 39. In both Nevada and the Ninth Circuit, the appellant must first file a motion in the district court that sets forth their inability to pay the costs on appeal. NRAP 24(1); FRAP 24(1). The motion must (a) show financial inability to pay appeal fees, (b) demonstrate that the appellant is entitled to some form of relief, and (c) state the issues on appeal. Id. If, and only if, the motion is denied by the district court, may the appellant file a motion with either the Nevada appellate courts or the Ninth Circuit again seeking leave to proceed in forma pauperis. NRAP 24(5); FRAP 24(5).
In the United States Supreme Court, the party seeking leave to proceed in forma pauperis must file a motion with the Supreme Court which complies with the Ninth Circuit’s requirements (i.e., it must (a) show financial inability to pay appeal fees, (b) demonstrate that the appellant is entitled to some form of relief, and (c) state the issues on appeal). Sup. Ct. R. 38(1).
Although these fees may seem steep, they are a necessary evil for the orderly operation and administration of appellate courts. If you are contemplating an appeal, or have a client contemplating an appeal, always be aware of what you have to pay to play.